Electric fence installation manual Otago

electric fence installation manual

American Farmworks Electric Fence Manual Fence > Electric fences intended for deterring birds from roosting on buildings, no electric fence wire shall be connected to an earth electrode. A warning sign must be fitted to every point where a person or persons may gain access to the conductors. > Where an electric fence crosses a public pathway, a non-electrified gate must be

Electric fencing security animal management Nemtek

USER’S MANUAL For AC-Powered Fence Controllers. Installation and User Manual 9.2 9.0 SECURITY ENERGIZER 18 Mk 2 JVA ELECTRIC FENCE SYSTEMS Edition 2.1, 2013 . JVA Z Energizer Range Concept Thank you for choosing our product. The JVA brand is a range of electric fencing products carefully selected from leading manufacturers around the world to meet the needs of perimeter security. THE JVA Z RANGE …, We offer electric fence installation services to keep your assets safe. In addition, our team also offers electric fence repair services for customers. We offer security systems and electric fence installation options for organizations in industries such as trucking, metal recycling, auto auctions, rental, auto dismantlers, and truck sales..

Find American FarmWorks 10-Mile Solar Low Impedance Fence Charger in the Electric Fencing category at Tractor Supply Co.Harvest the sun’s energy. Fence Controller Installation. high tensile fence installation instructions, refer to Zareba's High Tensile Electric Fence Guide. Ready to install an electric fence? Are you thinking about permanent ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS Français au verso. TabLE OF CONTENTS PagE IntroductIon 1 How ElEctrIc FEncIng works 1-2 InstallIng tHE ElEctrIc FEncE systEm I) InstallatIon tIps 2-3 II) typIcal FEncE sEt ups 3-4 III) InstallIng tHE EnErgIzEr 5-8 Iv) parmak® solar modEls dF-sp-lI & mag12-sp 8-9 troublEsHootIng guIdE 9-10 ElEctrIc FEncE …

the SAFETY and INSTALLATION sections of this manual. Do not let children operate or play with an electric fence energiser. Introduction ELECTRIC FENCINGis now an accepted part of farming operations throughout the world. Modern high reliability electronics coupled with advanced plastics materials in insulators and specialised electric fence wires have seen electric fencing … Stafix M36 - Download Pdf Stafix M63 - Download Pdf Stafix X1 - Download Pdf Stafix X2 - Download Pdf Stafix AN20 - Download Pdf Stafix AN90 - Download Pdf Stafix CB1.2 - Download Pdf Stafix CB2.3 - Download Pdf

ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS Français au verso. TabLE OF CONTENTS PagE IntroductIon 1 How ElEctrIc FEncIng works 1-2 InstallIng tHE ElEctrIc FEncE systEm I) InstallatIon tIps 2-3 II) typIcal FEncE sEt ups 3-4 III) InstallIng tHE EnErgIzEr 5-8 Iv) parmak® solar modEls dF-sp-lI & mag12-sp 8-9 troublEsHootIng guIdE 9-10 ElEctrIc FEncE … > Electric fences intended for deterring birds from roosting on buildings, no electric fence wire shall be connected to an earth electrode. A warning sign must be fitted to every point where a person or persons may gain access to the conductors. > Where an electric fence crosses a public pathway, a non-electrified gate must be

Electric fence installation accessories include socket wrenches, drilling screws and insulator screws, hog rings (wire loops), chucks and tongued chisels. Don’t forget that electric fence installation accessories also include tools such as wood mallets and plastic hammers due to the fact that all kinds of hammering is required. Fence Download the latest electric fencing manual for free. This easy to understand manual guides you on how electric fence works and the products you will need to get your new electric fence working or show you how to fix your electric fence that is not working. Gallagher Electric Fence Manual Download

> Where an electric fence crosses a public pathway, a non-electrified gate must be incorporated into the electric fence at that point, or a crossing by means of stiles must be provided. At any such crossing, the adjacent electrified wires must carry warning signs. Installing a Permanent Power FenceTM Gallagher 3E1164 Power Fence Systems User Manual 4. INSTALLING A PERMANENT POWER FENCETM 4.1 Planning the fence layout Draw a plan of the fence system you would eventually like to have. This will help you identify the length of new electric fence, the length of existing fence to be electrified (using offsets

e-wiz good check bad power on fence gate service status fence electric fence energizer group of companies user manual wizord 4 – electric fence energizer View and Download Petsafe In-Ground Fence operating manual online. Receiver Collar. In-Ground Fence Pet Care Product pdf manual download. Also for: Pig00-13661.

> Where an electric fence crosses a public pathway, a non-electrified gate must be incorporated into the electric fence at that point, or a crossing by means of stiles must be provided. At any such crossing, the adjacent electrified wires must carry warning signs. Nemtek, a pioneer in its field, has become the benchmark for the electric security fencing industry. We manufacture a wide range of high quality electric fencing solutions and are a globally known and respected company. Nemtek protects your property, staff and assets, providing you with peace of mind.

And that means, you probably feel like you’re drowning amidst the online deluge of underground fences, wireless fences, electric dog fences, in-ground fences, and other similar solutions. There are hundreds, if not thousands of options available, which leads you down a frustrating path: What are the most important features? What’s the e-wiz good check bad power on fence gate service status fence electric fence energizer group of companies user manual wizord 4 – electric fence energizer

3、 Electric fence system installation 3.1 Installation of controller The controller fixed on approaching the initial station of zone or place of divided zone, or put in the control center or And that means, you probably feel like you’re drowning amidst the online deluge of underground fences, wireless fences, electric dog fences, in-ground fences, and other similar solutions. There are hundreds, if not thousands of options available, which leads you down a frustrating path: What are the most important features? What’s the

Download Manuals Gallagher Europe. e-wiz good check bad power on fence gate service status fence electric fence energizer group of companies user manual wizord 4 – electric fence energizer, View and Download Petsafe In-Ground Fence operating manual online. Receiver Collar. In-Ground Fence Pet Care Product pdf manual download. Also for: Pig00-13661..

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electric fence installation manual

Electric Fence Energizer Alarmtec (Pty) Ltd. PetSafe ® In-Ground Fence ™ Operating and Training Guide Please read this entire guide before beginning. Y 6V A-67. 2 1-800-732-2677 Thank you for choosing PetSafe®, the best selling brand of electronic training solutions in the world. Our mission is to be the most trusted brand in the pet ownership experience. We want to ensure your pet’s safety by providing you with the tools and, Many electric fence issues can be tracked back to the grounding system. Even if your fence has been working fine for years, changes in the soil’s moisture level could cause problem. Grounding systems must consist of at least three metal rods (copper, rebar, or galvanized steel), placed ten feet apart and driven at least six feet into the ground. Follow the steps below to test your ….

jva jva zm20 edition 2 manual outside cover. installation and user manual electric fence products français au verso. table of contents page introduction 1 how electric fencing works 1-2 installing the electric fence system i) installation tips 2-3 ii) typical fence set ups 3-4 iii) installing the energizer 5-8 iv) parmak® solar models df-sp-li & mag12-sp 8-9 troubleshooting guide 9-10 electric fence maintenance 10 typical layout for, Nemtek manufactures a large range of high quality electric fencing solutions for home, commercial and infrastructure security. Our monitoring technology allows for advanced warning of any fence breach or tampering, and has the capability to identify the specific area should an intrusion occur, meaning that security resources can quickly be.

Installation Manual Kencove Farm Fence Supplies

electric fence installation manual

Electric Fence Installation & Repair Electric Guard Dog. the SAFETY and INSTALLATION sections of this manual. Do not let children operate or play with an electric fence energiser. Introduction ELECTRIC FENCINGis now an accepted part of farming operations throughout the world. Modern high reliability electronics coupled with advanced plastics materials in insulators and specialised electric fence wires have seen electric fencing … Installation and User Manual 9.2 9.0 SECURITY ENERGIZER 18 Mk 2 JVA ELECTRIC FENCE SYSTEMS Edition 2.1, 2013 . JVA Z Energizer Range Concept Thank you for choosing our product. The JVA brand is a range of electric fencing products carefully selected from leading manufacturers around the world to meet the needs of perimeter security. THE JVA Z RANGE ….

electric fence installation manual


04.01.2016В В· A quick tutorial on how to easily install an electric fence. Also a tip on housing for your charger. It's really not hard and if you have any problems, most 3гЂЃ Electric fence system installation 3.1 Installation of controller The controller fixed on approaching the initial station of zone or place of divided zone, or put in the control center or

Permanent Electric Fence Construction Tips: Before discussing the individual components of your electric fence installation, it is worthwhile to do a quick review of the basic principles of how an electric fence system works. Cookies On This Site Ok This site uses cookies to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to these cookies being set. To find out more see our cookies policy.

An electric fence is a neat, highly efficient way to keep livestock where they belong. We show you how to install an electric fence safely and effectively. Owner’s Manual Download Standard, Pro and Max Grades:

certifying that the electric fence installation complies with all the requirements of the Act and SANS standards. Electric Fence: Barrier that includes one or more conductors, insulated from earth, to which electric pulses are applied by an energizer. Electric Security Fence: Fence used for security purposes that comprises an electric Many electric fence issues can be tracked back to the grounding system. Even if your fence has been working fine for years, changes in the soil’s moisture level could cause problem. Grounding systems must consist of at least three metal rods (copper, rebar, or galvanized steel), placed ten feet apart and driven at least six feet into the ground. Follow the steps below to test your …

PetSafe ® In-Ground Fence ™ Operating and Training Guide Please read this entire guide before beginning. Y 6V A-67. 2 1-800-732-2677 Thank you for choosing PetSafe®, the best selling brand of electronic training solutions in the world. Our mission is to be the most trusted brand in the pet ownership experience. We want to ensure your pet’s safety by providing you with the tools and ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS Français au verso. TabLE OF CONTENTS PagE IntroductIon 1 How ElEctrIc FEncIng works 1-2 InstallIng tHE ElEctrIc FEncE systEm I) InstallatIon tIps 2-3 II) typIcal FEncE sEt ups 3-4 III) InstallIng tHE EnErgIzEr 5-8 Iv) parmak® solar modEls dF-sp-lI & mag12-sp 8-9 troublEsHootIng guIdE 9-10 ElEctrIc FEncE …

Electric fence installation accessories include socket wrenches, drilling screws and insulator screws, hog rings (wire loops), chucks and tongued chisels. Don’t forget that electric fence installation accessories also include tools such as wood mallets and plastic hammers due to the fact that all kinds of hammering is required. Fence of installation, minimal maintenance, safety and performance. Hundreds of hours have gone into testing all the items in our system to ensure high quality. This installation manual can help you properly install your ElectroBraid™ Fence. It is IMPORTANT you follow these instructions to minimize maintenance and maximize safety.

An electric fence is a neat, highly efficient way to keep livestock where they belong. We show you how to install an electric fence safely and effectively. This fence installation is no longer dependent on good soil conditions and will carry the electricity back to the fence controller's ground system when livestock contact the hot and ground wires simultaneously. IV. TROUBLE SHOOTING YOUR ELECTRIC FENCE . Even the best-built electric fences have problems from time to time. The best time to

PE2, PE5, PE10 AC (110 V) Energizer and PE5B, PE10B Battery Energizer User Manual (EN, FR) Download 3гЂЃ Electric fence system installation 3.1 Installation of controller The controller fixed on approaching the initial station of zone or place of divided zone, or put in the control center or

Nemtek manufactures a large range of high quality electric fencing solutions for home, commercial and infrastructure security. Our monitoring technology allows for advanced warning of any fence breach or tampering, and has the capability to identify the specific area should an intrusion occur, meaning that security resources can quickly be intended as defined in this manual . Tip: For permanent, high tensile fence installation instructions, refer to Zareba’s High Tensile Electric Fence Guide available at zarebasystems .com . - 15 - Electric Fence Controller First ground rod must be driven within 20’ of fence controller. Copper or galvanized metal ground rods driven 6’ deep, spaced 10’ apart. 20 KV insulated hook …

electric fence installation manual

07.09.2016В В· electric fence charger installation guide AC, or plug-in, fence chargers work with a 110-volt outlet. They are the most common type of fence charger and come in a variety of power options. Electric Fence Help! Patriot electric fence chargers and energizers are powerful fence controllers and fencers at great prices. we offer free shipping help and advice when building a fence on your farm or ranch. ideal for equine horse cattle dairy beef goats sheep

ELECTRIC FENCE TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

electric fence installation manual

FENCING MANUAL thunderbird.net.au. Cookies On This Site Ok This site uses cookies to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to these cookies being set. To find out more see our cookies policy., Electric Fence Installation Guide. Building a fence requires a combination of quality materials, use of proper construction techniques, and some elbow grease..

Zareba Fence Charger Instructions – Electric Fence Supply

Stafix Manuals Stafix Electric Fence and Security Centre. Gallagher Electric Fencing POWER FENCEв„ў downloads. Brochures and Manuals A range of brochures and manuals are available which provide detailed information on Gallagher brands and products. To download these materials, click on the links below: Gallagher POWER FENCEв„ў Manual, PE2, PE5, PE10 AC (110 V) Energizer and PE5B, PE10B Battery Energizer User Manual (EN, FR) Download.

View and Download Petsafe In-Ground Fence operating manual online. Receiver Collar. In-Ground Fence Pet Care Product pdf manual download. Also for: Pig00-13661. > Electric fences intended for deterring birds from roosting on buildings, no electric fence wire shall be connected to an earth electrode. A warning sign must be fitted to every point where a person or persons may gain access to the conductors. > Where an electric fence crosses a public pathway, a non-electrified gate must be

Electric fence installation accessories include socket wrenches, drilling screws and insulator screws, hog rings (wire loops), chucks and tongued chisels. Don’t forget that electric fence installation accessories also include tools such as wood mallets and plastic hammers due to the fact that all kinds of hammering is required. Fence of installation, minimal maintenance, safety and performance. Hundreds of hours have gone into testing all the items in our system to ensure high quality. This installation manual can help you properly install your ElectroBraid™ Fence. It is IMPORTANT you follow these instructions to minimize maintenance and maximize safety.

We offer electric fence installation services to keep your assets safe. In addition, our team also offers electric fence repair services for customers. We offer security systems and electric fence installation options for organizations in industries such as trucking, metal recycling, auto auctions, rental, auto dismantlers, and truck sales. 04.01.2016В В· A quick tutorial on how to easily install an electric fence. Also a tip on housing for your charger. It's really not hard and if you have any problems, most

Dashboard Fence provides real time fence information and alerts from your i Series Energizer to your phone. The Dashboard app will report on the Energizer and up to 6 configured fence zones. Graphs will show current and voltage trends over daily/weekly and monthly time. Gallagher load bar - user manual (1.2 MB) ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS Français au verso. TabLE OF CONTENTS PagE IntroductIon 1 How ElEctrIc FEncIng works 1-2 InstallIng tHE ElEctrIc FEncE systEm I) InstallatIon tIps 2-3 II) typIcal FEncE sEt ups 3-4 III) InstallIng tHE EnErgIzEr 5-8 Iv) parmak® solar modEls dF-sp-lI & mag12-sp 8-9 troublEsHootIng guIdE 9-10 ElEctrIc FEncE …

Shop with confidence. Zareba Systems provides electric fence systems for livestock. Browse our electric fence supplies, along with our expert tips, guides & charts. Order today! Ground Rod Installation. The grounding circuit is a critical component of your electric fence and is essential to its proper functioning. The fence charger, or. Visit the post for more. Electric fence installation manual nemtek pdf security wiring diagram impressive circuit diagrams thunderbird universal fence manual 2017 edition gallagher electric electric wiring diagram pdf 1ds stipgruppe essen de u2022electrical 62 schwabenschamanen how to build u0026 install electric fence video instruction

Firstly, there is the piggyback electric fence installation. This is when the electric fence is installed on an existing fence thereby making the area more secure. The piggyback profile is fastened to the existing fence post (pillars or a palisade fence) using rivets or screws. As a result, the electric fences is supported by the structure and Firstly, there is the piggyback electric fence installation. This is when the electric fence is installed on an existing fence thereby making the area more secure. The piggyback profile is fastened to the existing fence post (pillars or a palisade fence) using rivets or screws. As a result, the electric fences is supported by the structure and

We offer electric fence installation services to keep your assets safe. In addition, our team also offers electric fence repair services for customers. We offer security systems and electric fence installation options for organizations in industries such as trucking, metal recycling, auto auctions, rental, auto dismantlers, and truck sales. Owner’s Manual Download Standard, Pro and Max Grades:

Do not run fence wire above ground near high voltage power lines.if too close,the electric fence may pick up dangerous levels of power from high voltage lines.Never cross under a … e-wiz good check bad power on fence gate service status fence electric fence energizer group of companies user manual wizord 4 – electric fence energizer

07.09.2016В В· electric fence charger installation guide AC, or plug-in, fence chargers work with a 110-volt outlet. They are the most common type of fence charger and come in a variety of power options. How an electric fence works An electric fence energizer takes electrical energy from a power source and delivers it to an electric fence as a pulse. When an animal touches the electric fence it receives a shock. An electric fence acts as a psychological barrier rather than a physical barrier.

07.09.2016В В· electric fence charger installation guide AC, or plug-in, fence chargers work with a 110-volt outlet. They are the most common type of fence charger and come in a variety of power options. We offer electric fence installation services to keep your assets safe. In addition, our team also offers electric fence repair services for customers. We offer security systems and electric fence installation options for organizations in industries such as trucking, metal recycling, auto auctions, rental, auto dismantlers, and truck sales.

Installation and User Manual Stafix Electric Fence and

electric fence installation manual

Support Zareba® System. Nemtek, a pioneer in its field, has become the benchmark for the electric security fencing industry. We manufacture a wide range of high quality electric fencing solutions and are a globally known and respected company. Nemtek protects your property, staff and assets, providing you with peace of mind., certifying that the electric fence installation complies with all the requirements of the Act and SANS standards. Electric Fence: Barrier that includes one or more conductors, insulated from earth, to which electric pulses are applied by an energizer. Electric Security Fence: Fence used for security purposes that comprises an electric.

Support Zareba® System. 04.01.2016В В· A quick tutorial on how to easily install an electric fence. Also a tip on housing for your charger. It's really not hard and if you have any problems, most, Permanent Electric Fence Construction Tips: Before discussing the individual components of your electric fence installation, it is worthwhile to do a quick review of the basic principles of how an electric fence system works..

PETSAFE IN-GROUND FENCE OPERATING MANUAL Pdf Download.

electric fence installation manual

Easy Ways to Install an Electric Fence (with Videos) wikiHow. certifying that the electric fence installation complies with all the requirements of the Act and SANS standards. Electric Fence: Barrier that includes one or more conductors, insulated from earth, to which electric pulses are applied by an energizer. Electric Security Fence: Fence used for security purposes that comprises an electric 04.01.2016В В· A quick tutorial on how to easily install an electric fence. Also a tip on housing for your charger. It's really not hard and if you have any problems, most.

electric fence installation manual

  • PETSAFE IN-GROUND FENCE OPERATING MANUAL Pdf Download.
  • Gallagher Electric Fencing POWER FENCE™ downloads

  • Dashboard Fence provides real time fence information and alerts from your i Series Energizer to your phone. The Dashboard app will report on the Energizer and up to 6 configured fence zones. Graphs will show current and voltage trends over daily/weekly and monthly time. Gallagher load bar - user manual (1.2 MB) installation and user manual electric fence products franГ§ais au verso. table of contents page introduction 1 how electric fencing works 1-2 installing the electric fence system i) installation tips 2-3 ii) typical fence set ups 3-4 iii) installing the energizer 5-8 iv) parmakВ® solar models df-sp-li & mag12-sp 8-9 troubleshooting guide 9-10 electric fence maintenance 10 typical layout for

    ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL . OF r'} FENCE PRODUCTS You have one most advanced energizers in ihe slate-of-the-an camponents this eragizet to provide unprecedented and welcome your comments and engineering is eonceas end 94Wiications of our current prodUqs. is a and grogm.rn, to bring the equipment that bese … Owner’s Manual Download Standard, Pro and Max Grades:

    Nemtek manufactures a large range of high quality electric fencing solutions for home, commercial and infrastructure security. Our monitoring technology allows for advanced warning of any fence breach or tampering, and has the capability to identify the specific area should an intrusion occur, meaning that security resources can quickly be Gallagher Electric Fencing POWER FENCEв„ў downloads. Brochures and Manuals A range of brochures and manuals are available which provide detailed information on Gallagher brands and products. To download these materials, click on the links below: Gallagher POWER FENCEв„ў Manual

    20-Sector Security Electric Fence Controlling and Monitoring System M20 Installation and User Manual JVA ELECTRIC FENCE SYSTEMS 2nd Edition, 2013. JVA Z Energizer Range Concept Thank you for choosing our product. The JVA brand is a range of electric fencing products carefully selected from leading manufacturers around the world to meet the needs of perimeter … the SAFETY and INSTALLATION sections of this manual. Do not let children operate or play with an electric fence energiser. Introduction ELECTRIC FENCINGis now an accepted part of farming operations throughout the world. Modern high reliability electronics coupled with advanced plastics materials in insulators and specialised electric fence wires have seen electric fencing …

    SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS USER’S MANUAL For Electric Fence Energizers, Chargers, Controllers, Fencers manufactured by Woodstream Corporation Part I: Fence Energizer Installation Many electric fence issues can be tracked back to the grounding system. Even if your fence has been working fine for years, changes in the soil’s moisture level could cause problem. Grounding systems must consist of at least three metal rods (copper, rebar, or galvanized steel), placed ten feet apart and driven at least six feet into the ground. Follow the steps below to test your …

    We offer electric fence installation services to keep your assets safe. In addition, our team also offers electric fence repair services for customers. We offer security systems and electric fence installation options for organizations in industries such as trucking, metal recycling, auto auctions, rental, auto dismantlers, and truck sales. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS USER’S MANUAL For Electric Fence Energizers, Chargers, Controllers, Fencers manufactured by Woodstream Corporation Part I: Fence Energizer Installation

    Electric Fence Help! Patriot electric fence chargers and energizers are powerful fence controllers and fencers at great prices. we offer free shipping help and advice when building a fence on your farm or ranch. ideal for equine horse cattle dairy beef goats sheep 07.09.2016В В· electric fence charger installation guide AC, or plug-in, fence chargers work with a 110-volt outlet. They are the most common type of fence charger and come in a variety of power options.

    Installing a Permanent Power FenceTM Gallagher 3E1164 Power Fence Systems User Manual 4. INSTALLING A PERMANENT POWER FENCETM 4.1 Planning the fence layout Draw a plan of the fence system you would eventually like to have. This will help you identify the length of new electric fence, the length of existing fence to be electrified (using offsets ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS Français au verso. TabLE OF CONTENTS PagE IntroductIon 1 How ElEctrIc FEncIng works 1-2 InstallIng tHE ElEctrIc FEncE systEm I) InstallatIon tIps 2-3 II) typIcal FEncE sEt ups 3-4 III) InstallIng tHE EnErgIzEr 5-8 Iv) parmak® solar modEls dF-sp-lI & mag12-sp 8-9 troublEsHootIng guIdE 9-10 ElEctrIc FEncE …

    SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS USER’S MANUAL For Electric Fence Energizers, Chargers, Controllers, Fencers manufactured by Woodstream Corporation Part I: Fence Energizer Installation ELECTRIC FENCE PRODUCTS ENERGIZER INSTALLATION AND USER MANUAL . OF r'} FENCE PRODUCTS You have one most advanced energizers in ihe slate-of-the-an camponents this eragizet to provide unprecedented and welcome your comments and engineering is eonceas end 94Wiications of our current prodUqs. is a and grogm.rn, to bring the equipment that bese …

    View and Download Petsafe In-Ground Fence operating manual online. Receiver Collar. In-Ground Fence Pet Care Product pdf manual download. Also for: Pig00-13661. installation and user manual electric fence products français au verso. table of contents page introduction 1 how electric fencing works 1-2 installing the electric fence system i) installation tips 2-3 ii) typical fence set ups 3-4 iii) installing the energizer 5-8 iv) parmak® solar models df-sp-li & mag12-sp 8-9 troubleshooting guide 9-10 electric fence maintenance 10 typical layout for